By Christopher IngrahamPublished Mar 15, 2018 9:08am EDTA few years ago, when I was in graduate school, I spent a semester doing a PhD in electrical engineering at the University of Washington, studying electrical design and manufacturing.
At the time, I was working on a paper that had to do with the potential of electronic and acoustic devices to reduce disease burden and pollution.
In addition to using electronics to make things like computers, cellphones, and wearable devices, I wondered how such devices might help us get out of the pandemic.
Electronic devices are so pervasive in our daily lives, in our homes, in the workplace, and even in our bedrooms, that I was excited to explore how they might help people manage the flu, the Zika virus, or even improve their sleep.
But before I got my PhD, I wanted to be a part of the first wave of research that would give us an understanding of how to use these devices to create better health outcomes and reduce our environmental footprint.
I began my research in 2011, when my supervisor and I had an email from a colleague, who said that we had found a way to make an electric piano by making a special type of ceramic called carbon.
I was really interested in the technology, so I was fascinated by it.
It was really exciting to be in the position to develop something that I felt was going to revolutionize how we produce and deliver medicine and make the world a better place.
In fact, I’m still very much a part-time researcher.
I’m on call and doing experiments, I teach, and I’m a teacher of health sciences.
But when I graduate in 2019, I will be doing my master’s degree in electrical and electronic engineering, and my work will be focused on developing new types of devices that will help people control their own health and prevent and treat diseases.
This year, my research team is focused on making a new kind of instrument called an acoustic instrument.
These are instruments that are made of carbon that are used to generate electricity.
These instruments will allow us to make more complex and effective instruments.
In addition to being able to use the carbon to produce electrical current, we’re also looking at how we can improve their efficiency.
In other words, how they work.
And we’ve done a lot of work in the laboratory to figure out what the ideal efficiency of an acoustic device would be.
I’ll talk about what we’ve learned about this technology in a moment, but first, a little background on the acoustic instrument itself.
In the past, there has been a long history of using instruments made of ceramics and other materials to control electrical currents.
For example, in 1882, a German engineer, Hermann Otto, used ceramic-coated plates to record electrical current from an old water pump.
In 1883, a Japanese engineer, Hiroshi Matsuyama, also made a ceramic-lined microphone.
But there was one problem: they were both made of metals, which required high-quality ceramic electrodes.
In order to create a better electrode, Matsuyamas turned to the idea of using organic materials.
But the idea that ceramates could be used to control current wasn’t well understood at the time.
At one point, there was some debate about whether organic materials could be turned into an electrode by electrolysis.
In 1905, in a paper titled “A study of the use of organic compounds for the study of sound waves,” a team led by the German chemist Hermann Böhm and Nobel laureate Werner Heisenberg proposed that an organic material could be converted to an electrode.
By using a mixture of copper and zinc, the team was able to create an electrode of high purity that was nearly indistinguishable from pure copper.
In 1916, another German engineer named Fritz von Humboldt developed an improved electrode called a “cellular” electrode, which was made from a combination of copper oxide and zinc oxide.
In 1922, a British engineer named Arthur Blyth invented a copper-based electrode that was capable of generating a range of frequencies.
In the late 1920s, German chemist Franz Wiegand developed a ceramic electrode that produced sound.
In 1933, the Nobel laureate Friedrich Zirnmeyer developed a copper electrode that could produce sound at a frequency of 60 Hertz.
And in 1938, British chemist William Balfour patented a copper carbon electrode that created sound at the frequency of 40 Hertz (60 Hz).
But none of these devices were widely used, even though they had a number of advantages.
In all of these early studies, the electrodes that were made from ceramials were used for only a few uses, like producing electricity.
This was a time when electricity was expensive, and ceramies were often used for household use.
And, in most cases, the ceramicals used for these instruments were not of the purest kind.